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大咖说|Kees de Koning: 奶业园和牛场的区别,不只是牛用马桶这么简单!

2021-10-20 16:22:23 0人评论 398次浏览 分类:中心新闻

“想法越疯狂,越有创新性,

对我来说就越好。”

                --孔凯斯

Kees在荷兰南部的一个家用小农场出生和长大,农场里有牛、猪、家禽和自家种的一些蔬菜水果,很典型的家庭农场。在完成农业应用科学大学的学习后,他在农业部开始了农业推广的职业生涯,随后进入了政策制定部门,并于1995年起任职于一所国家研究机构,主要从事自动挤奶领域的工作。自2011年起担任奶业园的园长,奶业园是一个集国际研究、创新和教育的中心,主要服务于荷兰奶业。

Kees在农业工程、挤奶技术、机器人挤奶、牛奶质量、可持续农场管理、智能农业、传感器技术、质量保证和食品技术方面拥有超过35年的经验。他在中荷奶业发展中心(SDDDC)任咨委员会主席,同时也是国际乳业联合会(IDF)农场管理常务委员会委员以及国际动物记录委员会荷兰乳品测试中心经理(ICAR) 。

Kees 和中国奶业

Kees与中国奶业的渊源要从一个巧合说起。由于他的一位负责中国市场调研的同事调职,Kees随即接管前往中国调研的任务-由荷兰大使馆农业咨询所发起的与奶牛养殖和食品安全有关的研究,这才开启了他的首次中国之旅。但他没想到的是,这次调研之后他对中国产生了极大的兴趣,于是他决定继续调研中国市场,一转眼,15年过去了。

Kees回忆到,现如今的中国奶业与当时相比,变化非常大。他第一次来中国是2005年,那时候食品安全是整个行业关注的焦点,而现在行业内的热点话题都在奶业可持续发展、可循环性、新技术和新产品上。过去的15年里,中国奶业的发展是非常迅速的,也从一个相对基本的模式转变成专业模式了。



奶业园

奶业园是荷兰国家农业食品产业集群的一部分,并且与其他荷兰产业集群相连,例如瓦格宁根食品谷,吕伐登水校区和中荷奶业发展中心。

尽管奶业园区专注于从牧场到餐桌的整个奶业链,但大部分活动都围绕奶业链的牛奶生产方面。园内所有项目和活动,都以研发新信息和知识为前提开展,从而推动乳品链中的创新。通过这种方式使科学与实践并驾齐驱。奶业园有五个主要业务:研究,创新,教育,传播和培训。

头脑风暴场所

奶业园集研究、创新、教育、传播和培训于一体。园内有500头奶牛,超过300公顷的土地以及培训和会议设施,是奶业人士聚集在一起进行集思广益的绝佳场所。

健康又安全的牛奶

专业人士和学生都可以来这里参加培训课程和实习,或准备自己的毕业项目。在这里,研究人员可以大胆进行开拓性研究,并鼓励商业部门对创新项目进行投资。奶业园所做的一切都是为了确保我们将来能够在尊重人类、动物和环境的前提下继续生产健康安全的牛奶。

奶业园 & 创新

“想法越疯狂,越有创新性,对我来说就越好。” Kees在接受采访时说了这一点。他多次强调,奶业园并不是一个简单的牛场,而是一个致力于研究如何面对未来挑战的创新中心。

一方面,奶业园区会或多或少不断地更新和调整园内设施,以进行新的试验或研究,标准的奶牛场不会这样做。另一方面,奶业园里除了奶牛生产牛奶,还有更主要的作用-生产数据:牛奶、土壤、草和土地的数据,奶业园所收集和进行分析的数据远远超过标准奶牛场所做的。以上两点,就已经凸显了奶业园与标准奶牛场的不同。

在参访中Kees提到了两个非常有意思的创新项目,其中一个是牛用马桶,听起来是不是很有创新性和可持续性,但又很不可思议呢?


CowToilet is an automatic urinal that cows use voluntarily as they come to feeding stations with urine collected before it hits the floor. By ensuring urine stays separated from the manure there is considerably less ammonia emission. This is good for both the environment and animal welfare with a healthier atmosphere in cattle sheds. The CowToilet also offers economic advantages by saving on manure storage costs and separated urine can become a natural precision fertilizer or eventually a source of clean power through Hydrogen.
Another is virtual fencing: grazing without visible borders. The conception is that cows wear a collar with a sensor to register their field position and to signal the cow. The cow receives signals as soon as she comes too close to or threatens to overstep the GPS coordinates defined virtual fence. This method offers future farmers the possibility to graze cows according to their needs. It allows the use of new grazing routines, e.g. give top-producing cows in a group priority access to a fresh (highest quality) grass strip.

Kees said that Dairy Campus is an open ecosystem, or in other words, a living lab working with many partners both from the industry as from on the sustainable development of the Dutch dairy sector. To do so cooperation is key – that is our DNA: Inspire to create.


Dairy Campus & Covid-19

Kees said that the dairy campus is not really a “Campus” at this moment now due to the covid-19 because there are not many students allowed due to the current lockdown. The effects are not only this but also on the number of visitors. Normally Dairy Campus has 10,000-20,000 visitors annually but all visits have been canceled and postponed. Like many other businesses also Dairy Campus is affected by the Covid19, but luckily not too heavily, except for the visitors.

Same to all other international platforms like SDDDC, Dairy Campus also started to organize webinars and meetings online, sharing the news on social media since the pandemic outbreak, Kees said it’s a good way to get connected to your clients and your network, it’s not the way how Dairy Campus wants to work. The centre is based on innovation, research and education and a successful operation depend on meeting people also face to face, but he is pretty sure this will be possible again in the near future.


To know more:https://www.linkedin.com/company/dairy-campus/posts/?feedView=all


Dairy Campus & China’s dairy industry

For such a good Think Tank, can we set it up in China? Of course, yes. Kees said the plan of a similar approach in China has already been discussed with prof Li Shengli a while ago. It will be built in Pinggu district and named Jingwa Agriculture Technology Innovation Centre. It consists at the moment of three centers and one of them will be the dairy center, based on the ideas of Dairy Campus. As a non-commercial center with a combination of trails and dairy production, it could fit excellently in China. He said he is really willing to support and even might need to stay in Beijing for few months to finalize it.

As pointed out by Li Shengli, director of the Sino Dutch Dairy Development Center, the sustainable development of China’s dairy industry is faced with challenges such as insufficient production capacity and low efficiency. It is necessary to learn from advanced experience from other countries like the Netherlands, improve the management level of the entire industry chain, increase production and efficiency, and promote the development of pastures. It is hoped that the establishment of Jingwa Center will promote the development of China's dairy industry by learning from the innovative business model and advanced technology experience of the Dutch dairy industry.
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